Spanish Sparrow (Passer hispaniolensis) Pardal-espanhol

The Spanish Sparrow breeds both in large colonies, (where it'll take over a small wood with hundreds or thousands of nests), or it breeds in smaller colonies in the bottom of White Storks' nests. With the dramatic increase of the latter since the '80s, so the population of Spanish Sparrows has increased, though their preferred habitat, open countryside, remains the same, and there has been little expansion from their core areas. However, just as the White Storks have increased dramatically in numbers over the last thirty years, so the numbers and distribution of Spanish Sparrows have increased also.

While the male is easily distinguished from the House Sparrow, having a pure chestnut head and streaked belly, the female is indistinguishable in the field. Where the species nests as a woodland-based colony they can appear in vast numbers and have a detrimental effect on nearby cereal crops.


Birding in Portugal

Quinta do Barranco da Estrada
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